Our staff regularly presents to clients and peers at industry conferences throughout the U.S. Gale is a registered American Institute of Architects (AIA) Continuing Education Systems (CES) provider and a LEED Education Provider; therefore, we are able to give credits for our presentations.
We would be happy to provide your staff with an educational seminar of your choice; descriptions of our seminars can be found below:
Building Enclosure Design and Consulting
Building Enclosure Commissioning
A Systematic Approach to Evaluating the Building Envelope
A Guide to Inspecting and Maintaining Various Roofing Systems
Green Roofs and Plaza Decks
Improving the Flood Resistance of Buildings
The Benefits of Drones for Evaluating the Building Enclosure
Up Against the Wall: How to Address Masonry Wall Issues
Facility managers are responsible for maintaining a safe, aesthetic, and “leak-free” environment for occupants. Masonry walls (both old and new) often present many challenges for facility managers including:
- Moisture intrusion (leaks) into building interiors
- Deterioration and damage (typically visible on exterior surfaces)
- Stains on exterior surface
- Interior air quality problems (mold and mildew)
The presenters will discuss how to recognize the symptoms of masonry wall problems, various causes of the problems, the short and long-term effects of these problems, and remedial options. The presenters will also describe how they investigate wall problems to identify causes and effects of moisture leaks and other types of damage. The audience will come away with a general knowledge of typical masonry wall issues and some “rule of thumb” does and don’ts.
The Benefits of a Roof Management Plan
If you are a facility manager of a large campus, you may feel like you’re being stretched thinner than ever before. With so many buildings to oversee and at a time where there are less available personnel, it has become critical to develop organized methods for tracking past, current, and future building repairs. Organization of this magnitude requires the facility manager to keep careful track of detailed repair histories and recommended repairs, all while managing the current and projected costs. A formal roof management plan (RMP) can assist in the day-to-day operations, and in long-term planning. The presenter will review how to properly evaluate an existing roof and associated components, such as rising walls, parapets, roof penetrations and drainage; and detail how to:
- Prioritize repair/replacement based on visual evaluation and limited destructive testing, utilizing leak histories, age of the roof, repair histories, and interior space usage
- Develop budget estimates that can be used for yearly planning for roof maintenance many years in advance
- Easily update the report with new repair histories or new roof warranties
Restoration of Historic Terra Cotta
Design and Selection of Operable Windows
Waterproofing Below-Grade Structures
Selection and Use of Sealant on the Exterior Building Enclosure
A variety of vertical wall systems common in building construction, including panelized facades, fenestrations, and curtain walls, rely on sealant to provide a secondary, and often the primary, weather resistance barrier for the exterior building enclosure. While sealant is frequently used in building construction and restoration projects, the wide range of sealant materials, as well as the variation in substrate materials and configurations, demand the appropriate selection and use of sealants to achieve long-term weatherproofing and service life. For many projects, where access can be difficult and often costly, long lasting performance is paramount in reducing maintenance and future renovation expenditures. As such, the designer should be proficient in determining performance requirements of specific joints as it relates to movement, weathering, installation, and interaction with various substrate types. On sealant replacement projects on existing structures, the designer must be capable of identifying various sealant deficiencies and their causes, aware of the potential presence of hazardous materials (i.e. ACM, PCB) and how they may affect a sealant rehabilitation project. Furthermore, the designer should be well versed in the various mechanical properties of modern sealant and substrate materials and be knowledgeable of the industry standards which guide the selection, design, and installation of sealant. This paper will show how and why not all sealant is appropriate for each project, and how a comprehensive and systematic approach will provide solutions to meet the client’s needs.
Designing and Detailing of Air Barrier Connections at Windows, Curtain Walls and Storefronts
The Air Barrier (AB) requirements mandated by the 2012 International Building Code have brought about significant changes to detailing at fenestrations. Currently, insulated glass assemblies are designed based on building design and owner requirements. The corresponding AB transition details are often developed using the basis of design and manufacturer’s suggested detailing. The overall connectivity of the AB at fenestrations must be considered in the design phase as product compatibility and functional constructability of the transitions may dictate different fenestration configurations or air barrier materials.
Combatting Thermal Bridging within the Building Envelope
Thermal bridging is the transfer of thermal energy through connected conductive building materials and those systems, assemblies, or materials that interrupt the exterior thermal envelope. Reducing thermal bridging is required by the International Building Code (IBC), specifically the ASHRAE 90.1 Energy Standard. This standard stipulates that the effective R-value of the wall assembly must consider the effects of thermal bridging to be representative of actual thermal performance. Gale’s presentation will focus on strategic practical measures to mitigate transfer of thermal energy, which occurs through conduction at window fenestration sill pans, fenestration flashings, and cladding attachments.
Rooftop Fall Arrest vs. Fall Restraint Systems
You may have heard people using these the terms “fall arrest” and “fall restraint” interchangeably and wondered if there is a difference, or whether they refer to the same thing. They are both safety measures, but they have their own characteristics and design requirements. The term “arrest”, when in the context of fall protection, refers to a system that prevents a worker who is in the process of falling from an elevated position from impacting a lower level (e.g., a worker’s life is saved when he falls off the edge of a roof and his shock-absorbing lanyard, attached to an appropriate anchorage device, prevents him from contacting the ground while limiting the forces exerted on the body). This presentation will focus on design and engineering considerations for each type of system as well as look as ways to limit our liabilities when we specify fall arrest or fall restraint systems on projects.
Commissioning Review of Field/Mock-Up Testing and Common Failures
The inclusion of openings within the exterior enclosure to provide daylighting, ventilation, improve occupant comfort, and productivity has inadvertently increased the potential for air and water infiltration into buildings. Detailing and selection of the fenestration assemblies has become critical to the overall performance and longevity of a building. The transition from the fenestration assembly to the moisture management systems have historically been a major contributor of water infiltration and the premature degradation of buildings. In addition to potential manufacturing defects, transporting the assemblies to the site, handling on site, installation sequencing and detailing have a significant impact on the installed performance verses the rated performance of a window assembly. Three-dimensional, project specific details of the window installations are typically not provided in construction documents leading to the need for field interpretations of unforeseen conditions by contractors who may not fully understand the importance of maintaining continuity at system transitions. While fenestration assemblies are laboratory tested as an isolated unit, in reality the unit must be properly tied into multiple air, vapor, thermal and weather barrier system components. Through a quantitative and qualitative evaluation, in-field air and water infiltration resistance testing is frequent practice to confirm that the performance of the fenestration assemblies installed satisfy the performance requirements of the project.
Considerations for Photovoltaics and Their Impact on Roofing Assemblies
As the demand for renewable energy sources is increasing and more energy programs are available, photovoltaic (PV) arrays are being installed on roof areas more frequently. Proper planning when considering installing PV arrays can greatly reduce the potential for roof leaks, voided roof warranties, structural damage, and unnecessary expenses. These considerations should include evaluation of the existing roof system and planning for the installation of a roof top PV system, selection of the appropriate PV system for the building, design of the PV system attachment to the building and roof, design of roof repairs or roof replacement in conjunction with the PV installation, maintenance of the roof and PV arrays, and evaluation of the costs associated with each phase. Specifically, the owner and designer should review the condition and warranty duration of the existing roof system, the available capacity of the existing structure, options for PV systems and attachments, roof manufacturer limitations, life safety for maintenance, fire safety, and the appropriate coordination of the various tradesmen before, during, and after construction.
Hydro-Active Grout Injection
Hydro-active grout injection is becoming a successful and common waterproofing technique, especially for moisture mitigation in existing concrete and stone and brick masonry. Hydro-active grout injection can be used for new construction, or for existing construction to mitigate moisture intrusion or to improve structural integrity and load bearing capacity of existing structures. This presentation will focus on the waterproofing side of hydro-active grout. It will also provide insight to the project specific use of hydro-active grouting by discussing a case study about a concrete tunnel restoration project.
Design Considerations for Snow Guards
Accumulated snow on sloped roofs, when set into motion, can pose a life-safety concern for building occupants, or can cause significant property damage. With this phenomenon in mind, owners and designers should carefully consider the need for snow guards, which are snow retention devices used to impede the movement of sliding snow, and where to locate them if deemed necessary. Generally, snow guards are used on sloped roofs near ingress/egress points, and where protection of property is desired, such as to prevent excessive snow drift on lower roofs or to shield vehicles or landscaping. Snow guards can be applied to both new construction and retrofit projects. The goal of this presentation is to familiarize owners and designers with the types of available retention devices to a specific project, general design parameters to be considered before installing snow guards, and typical attachment procedures. The presentation will focus on steep-sloped metal, slate, and single-ply (PVC) roof systems. Two case-studies will be presented: failure of a snow rail assembly on a new standing seam metal roof; and the failure of a retrofit snow guard assembly on an existing slate roof.
Historic/Natural Stone Masonry Replacement and Repairs: Identification, Evaluation, Design
Provisions for Forced Entry Prevention
In lieu of the recent public shooting tragedies in the past several decades (primarily those in schools), there has been a growing demand for increased safety measures to be incorporated into building design. In addition to implementing training for emergency response, many school administrations have begun to institute preventative measures such as controlling building access and providing additional means for emergency egress. Fenestrations (i.e. windows, doors, louvers, vents, etc.) are the most vulnerable components of the building enclosure, and thus highly susceptible to unauthorized access and/or vandalism if the proper provisions are not incorporated. There are a number of different measures that can be used to increase the safety of the building occupants, each with varying levels of performance and cost. Selection of the most appropriate safety measures must involve consideration of the facility’s occupant load, vulnerability, threat, and risk. This presentation will present an overview of various options with respect to treatment of the glazing itself, as well as discuss important considerations for access control at building entrances. It will also discuss recommended applications and a summary of applicable building code criteria used in design. Applicable images, graphics, and accompanying data will be utilized to support the discussions.
Window Design for Blast Hazard Mitigation
Due to increasing terrorist threat and activity in the past several decades, there has been a growing demand for explosive blast resistance to be incorporated into the design of building structures and enclosure components. The performance of building enclosures and cladding components during an explosive blast is more geared towards mitigating the hazards caused by the blast, as it has been found that many of the injuries and fatalities have been a direct result of flying glass and wall debris and not the explosion itself.
Gale’s presentation focuses specifically on blast hazard mitigation design for windows and fenestrations. The presentation gives a brief background and review of relevant theories, as well as the risk assessment process for evaluating demand and identifying vulnerabilities. As blast resistance is typically only a “requirement” in federal facilities, this presentation will also review applicable Unified Facilities Criteria (UFC) standards and design processes.
Fundamentals of Green Roofing
Green, or vegetated, roofs have become increasingly popular due to increased energy efficiency, stormwater retention, and aesthetic improvement. A properly installed green roof can provide long-term cost savings while countering climate change. A green roof is most beneficial if the design is properly integrated into the building’s overall function. Each situation is unique and various factors must be considered when selecting the proper green roof assembly. Although design and specification of the roof is the designer’s role, it is important for facility managers to understand the basic green roof design principles. This presentation will discuss various types of green roof assemblies and the design criteria that should be considered.
Design Considerations for Steep Slope Roofing with Asphalt Shingles
Asphalt shingle roof coverings are commonly used in steep slope roof applications. The design of these roof system types have become familiar and are often overlooked for their relative simplicity; however ice dams, moisture control and premature deterioration of roofing components are still widespread issues with this type of roof system. Whether designing a new roof or considering replacement options for an existing roof, the consultant evaluating the roof system must be familiar with the system types and material options and have a clear understanding of their design basis, which is typically dependent on climate conditions and building use. Recent changes in the Building Code have permitted the use of different system options for Commercial and Residential roof design. The presenter will discuss design considerations relating to vented attic spaces, vented roof nailboard assemblies and unvented roof assemblies
Selection of the appropriate individual roof system materials for the design can have a direct impact on performance of the combined system. The presenter will review material options available when selecting components for the design of the roof system including roof insulation, vapor barriers and vapor retarders, underlayments and asphalt shingle types. Development of an evaluation checklist will be discussed to facilitate existing conditions studies of roof systems for considerations related to steep slope roof design with asphalt shingles.
Restoration and Maintenance of Your Slate Roof
Many facility managers are responsible for buildings with slate roofs. These often historic buildings require special maintenance and care. This presentation will explain the history of slate in the U.S. and how it is harvested. The presenter will also detail an approach to evaluating and designing repairs to slate roofs.
Truly Green: A Look at the Advantages of Maintaining Historic Campus Buildings
Restoration and Maintenance of Your Slate Roof
Renovations to Exterior Building Enclosure to Improve Building Performance (Energy, Comfort, Quality)
Many campuses across the United States have buildings that were built before current energy and building codes required continuous air and vapor barriers, or upgraded insulation thermal values. To improve energy savings and interior air quality, many universities have initiated mandatory energy saving requirements for existing buildings. The challenge faced by facilities groups is to determine the cost/benefit achieved within expanding limited funds on specific building enclosure (roofs, walls, windows) improvements. This presentation will describe unique solutions used to improve overall building performance (energy, comfort, and quality) while dramatically improving aesthetics.
The Use of Vapor Retarders in Low-Slope Membrane Roof Systems
In recent years, the International Energy Conservation Codes increased the R-value required for low-slope roof systems. By increasing the amount of insulation in the roof system; the temperature and pressure differential between the outside air and the interior, conditioned space is considerably greater and may create the potential for vapor drive or diffusion through the roof system. In many cases, the dew point temperature is reached within the roof system and condensation forms, which can deteriorate the roofing materials and ultimately fail the system. To reduce the rate of diffusion and condensation, a vapor retarder can be installed. However, depending on climate type, building use, and type of roof system installed, a vapor retarder may be an unnecessary added cost. Whether a project is new construction or renovation, the Building Codes do not clearly illustrate when the use of a vapor retarder is required. Therefore, the use of vapor retarders is subjective and often not considered.
The presenter will discuss design criteria to consider when determining the necessity of a vapor retarder, the different types and applications of vapor retarders, and the advantages of performing a hygrothermal analysis and dew point analysis during the design phase. Case studies and typical details will be outlined to provide a clear understanding of the importance of vapor retarders.
Alternative to Replacing Metal Roofs
When it comes to replacing metal roofs, building owners and facility managers typically expect complete removal and replacement of the roofing system. A new metal roof can cost about three times the cost to repair or restore it. In addition, the costs and challenges of disruptions to the facilities’ operations (e.g., overhead cranes removing panels, exposing interior during demo, etc.) can also be a major factor in the decision of whether or not to completely replace the roof. It is; therefore, important for owners and facility managers to understand that other options are available. Advanced technology has resulted in the formulation of elastomeric restoration coating systems that provide long-term solutions for metal roof problems. Additionally, retrofit roof systems such as single-ply roofing or another metal roof assembly can be installed over the existing metal roof. Selecting the proper alternative method which utilizes traditional materials and products that will enhance the metal roof’s condition and prevent further difficulties is essential. The presenter will review these alternative approaches to replacing the metal roof. The goal is for attendees to gain knowledge of the various options available and to understand design considerations when selecting an alternative solution.
Commissioning the Air Barrier
The complexity of building envelope designs, the use of new materials, and the high rate of moisture/air infiltration reportedly occurring in new buildings indicates why air barrier commissioning is essential in ensuring that buildings remain water- and air-tight. The presenter will detail the commissioning process as it relates to air barrier systems.
Avoiding Poor Air Barrier Audits
This presentation will review the air barrier installation process, preparation of the substrate, and installation and inspections from the view of an air barrier auditor. The presenter will also review correct and incorrect installations and what steps should be taken to achieve a successful installation. The attendee will learn what the ABAA auditor is looking for during their site visits and what entails a successful audit and project.
Air Barrier, Vapor Barrier and Weather Resistive Barrier Selection; Types and Classifications
A major issue in the construction industry is the universal need for an air barrier product that meets a certain level of performance relating to air transmission, and perform the functions of a drainage plane. The Energy Code requires that an air barrier be impermeable to air transmission, continuous, durable, structurally supported, and have the capability to transfer loads to the building structure. As we are finding in construction today, some products being used are not equal in their in-field applications. In some instances, products specified do not match the intended application or details identified in the drawings leading to confusion for contractors. To lessen the burden on specifiers and contractors, air barriers should be classified by types, because they are not all equal. The intent of this presentation is to suggest categorizing air barrier types by identifying characteristics that differentiate each product.
Field Methods to Evaluate Existing Curtain Walls and Storefront: Components, Common Deficiencies, and Retrofit Options
Many buildings built in the 20th century that were constructed with curtain wall and storefront assemblies are either approaching the age, or have surpassed the age when deterioration of glazing gaskets and seals/sealants have reached their maximum lifespan. In addition to failures in gaskets and sealants, there are several additional components within the assemblies which may be identified and assessed during a field evaluation for potential concern. Failure with assembly components may cause water infiltration, condensation issues, thermal insufficiencies, air infiltration and possible structural concerns. These systems are vital building envelope assemblies which require periodic maintenance and evaluation to identify potential issues prior to failure. This presentation will focus on explaining methods for appropriately evaluating the components of existing curtain wall and storefront assemblies in order to determine the existing conditions and proposed solutions, such as short-term repairs, long-term repairs and/or replacement. Field evaluation methods will include visual evaluation (both with and without deconstruction of components), review of construction drawings/documents and methods for air and water testing.
Incorporating Green Roofing Principles at Your Institution
Roof Asset Management Programs: Valuable Tools or Just More Paperwork?
How to Make Your Roof Generate Income
Waterproofing, Plaza Decks, Green Roof Technology
Athletic Facilities Planning and Design
ADA Accessibility for Outdoor Athletic Facilities
Recreational facilities, including sports facilities, are among the facilities required to comply with the ADA Accessibility Guidelines. This presentation will focus on the regulatory requirements for accessibility to outdoor sports related facilities in newly designed & constructed or altered existing facilities. It will address elements commonly found within a sports facility, such as accessible vehicle parking spaces, exterior accessible routes, sports fields & courts and spectator seating areas. The emphasis is placed on ensuring that individuals with disabilities can access and use a variety of elements within a sports facility.
Track and Field Facility Requirements and Planning
Knowing the requirements of any given track is one of the most important steps in planning the best facility for a school or University. This seminar compares the rules and regulations of different governing bodies, so that a school can determine what kind of facility they need, depending on the type of meets and events they would like to hold. Some topics discussed are the sizing and lengths of tracks, lane striping, raised curb vs. no curb, track geometry, chute distances, grading, and typical field event logistics. The seminar also gives some insight on optimal track options based on athletic performance and sites with different kinds of restraints.
Running Track and Tennis Court Design and Maintenance Fundamentals
When planning for running track and tennis court construction & renovations, it is important to understand the various alternatives with regard to new construction, repair, renovation, and/or replacement strategies; as well as the numerous material options. Topics include an overview of the fundamentals such as tennis court & running track layout, orientation, fencing, drainage and surfacing materials options. Additionally, this seminar discusses other influencing factors such as site constraints, environmental/geotechnical restrictions, budgetary issues and tennis & track surface maintenance strategies.
Layout and Design of Athletic Facilities
The layout and design of athletic facilities is unique to each site and depends on several factors:
- Type of use
- Level of use
- Site constraints
- Applicable codes
- Governing regulation
- Specific program/site requests
Each project requires an understanding of the existing site, as well as the wants and needs of each of the potential users. The goal of this presentation is to review the impacts of the factors listed above and how they affect the layout and design of the facility. The presentation also focuses on lessons learned from previous project experiences.
Planning and Design of Athletic Complex Amenities Buildings
With the increasing diversity and gender equity in college and secondary school sports, many sports facility owners are undertaking ambitious facility redevelopment projects that include multi-purpose amenities buildings. These facilities can include restrooms, team rooms, concessions, storage, trainer rooms, ticket sales, strength development, etc. Schools have begun to harness the ability of these programs to foster an atmosphere that celebrates spirit and community by enhancing the spectator experience, improving recruitment/retention, and creating gateway entrance statements that transform playing fields into sports venues. This presentation will review the key considerations in planning and designing athletic complex amenities buildings:
- Plumbing code implications for the planning of public rest rooms.
- Specific handicapped access considerations.
- Site development requirements related to viewscapes, queuing, utilities, and landscaping.
- Determining a concessions strategy, equipment schedule, and impacts of health code requirements.
- Including team and locker rooms that accommodate multiple sports, genders, and visiting teams.
- Determining athletic and maintenance storage needs and access.
- Rules regarding officials rooms.
- Accommodating scoring, timing, lighting, irrigation and public address infrastructure.
- Decision implications of seasonal vs. year round operation.
- Material and system selections for aesthetics, durability, cleanliness, maintenance, safety, and initial/life-cycle cost.
- Balancing school imaging and branding with sponsorships and naming opportunities.
Life Cycle Cost Based Decision Making for Sports Facility Renovations
When university facility managers start to plan outdoor sports facility renovations, they can often be overwhelmed by the many alternatives with regard to repair, renovation, and/or replacement strategies; as well as the numerous material options. These decisions are frequently made while contending with constrained project budgets.
Facility managers need to look holistically at the cost stream for each strategy and materials alternative as they try to optimize the use of institutional resources to best meet the programmatic needs of the university. This presentation will examine three case studies in which detailed life cycle cost analysis using net present value methodology was employed to facilitate such decisions:
- Springfield College studied new asphalt tennis courts versus post-tensioned concrete.
- Hingham High School considered grass versus synthetic turf for the development of a new multi-purpose stadium game field.
- St. Francis Xavier University assessed the installation of latex track surfacing versus urethane for its new track and field facility.
This presentation addresses the life cycle cost streams for each sports facilities project: from acquisition, through maintenance, to end of life and disposal; and how this methodology provided decision support to institutional decision makers.
A Decade of In-filled Synthetic Turf: What Have We Learned and Where Are We Going?
The Truth Behind the Health, Safety and Environmental Risk Associated with Infilled Synthetic Turf
Since the 1960s, artificial turf has been installed on athletic fields throughout the U.S. In the past few years, there has been some controversy regarding the health, safety and environmental risks of synthetic turf. Using recent independent studies, the presenters will address and shed light on some of the perceived risks associated with infilled synthetic turf including sports injury related to the current generation of synthetic turf, water quality impacts, and human health risks (lead, temperature, staph, and toxicity). The presenters will also discuss the various ASTM testing standards related to infill synthetic turf.
Facility Manager-Driven Athletic Campus Master Planning
Track and Field Planning for Athletic Performance and Effective Meet Management.
Many university and secondary school track and field facilities constructed in the 60s and 70s have approached their useful life and require reconstruction. This seminar focuses on effective planning for this redevelopment. Topics include determining the appropriate track radius, lane configuration (number and width), and field event number, orientation, safety requirements and layout within the site. Meet operational considerations such as event queuing areas, event markings and current timing and scoring systems are discussed. Some of the recent changes in longitudinal and cross slope criteria are discussed for the various track and field governing bodies. Additionally, the seminar discusses the planning for track infrastructure such as storm drainage, lighting and irrigation conduit, communications and data. Finally, the seminar reviews the experience and lessons learned in the development of a new track and field complex at Dartmouth College in 2006.